sociology, everyday use essay introduction the functionalist perspective examines how societys parts operate. The thesis states that social stratification is necessary to promote excellence, productivity, and efficiency, thus giving people something to strive for.
For example, an underprivileged youth has less chance of becoming a scientist, no matter how smart she is, because of the relative lack of opportunity available to her. Retrieved January 9, 2012 ( ). Conflict Theory, these people are protesting a decision made by Tennessee Technological University in Cookeville, Tennessee, to lay off custodians and outsource the jobs to a private firm to avoid paying employee benefits. Conflict theorists observe that stratification promotes inequality, such as between rich business owners and poor workers. The Davis-Moore thesis also does not explain why a basketball player earns millions of dollars a year when a doctor who saves lives, a soldier who fights for others rights, and a teacher who helps form the minds of tomorrow will likely not make millions. What is the function of social stratification?
During the nineteenth-century era of industrialization, Marx believed social stratification resulted from peoples relationship to production. (Photo (a) courtesy of Wikimedia Commons; Photo (b) courtesy of Chun Kit/flickr). Carrying pricey but eco-friendly water bottles could indicate a persons social standing. Some Principles of Stratification. If two people have the exact same amount of talent and drive, but one is born rich and the other poor, it seems inevitable that the rich one will end up ahead because he/she started off ahead. Upper-class capitalists raked in profits and got rich, while working-class proletariats earned skimpy wages and struggled to survive.
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