2001 ; Ventura, 1981 ). In terms of attitudes, the means and differential scores (i.e., difference between progressive and authoritarian attitudes) suggest minor differences in authoritarian and progressive attitudes overall for both mothers and fathers, albeit relatively higher progressive attitudes particularly for mothers. It follows that the central value guiding citation for thesis Filipino social behavior is a basic respect for another persons being, which is rooted in a regard for the other as not different or as ones equal. Ideally, mothers and fathers should convey to children a solidarity, consistency, and predictability in parenting attitudes and behaviors ( McHale, Lauretti, Talbot, Pouquette, 2002 ). In Durbrow. The Present Study This study investigates two questions pertaining to Filipino mothers and fathers childrearing attributions and attitudes. It is possible that this result is related to the cultural emphasis on deference to parental authority and upholding the honor and dignity of the parent and family. This points to the phenomenon of assortative mating, wherein attraction and marriage are more likely between men and women with similar values.
Authoritarian attitudes emphasize parental authority and child obedience and conformity; in contrast, progressive attitudes involve beliefs that children are agentic and self-directing and should be able to express and assert themselves ( Schaefer Edgerton, 1985 ). Attributions are more specific to judgments about the child and the self in particular situations, whereas parental attitudes are more global or general. It is as yet unclear how mother and father rolesstill largely in keeping with traditional norms, but also suggestive of progressive views for younger and more educated parentstranslate to similarities or differences between mothers and fathers cognitions (whether mean level or within family). In the context of the foregoing, so much power in the hands of Filipino parents to mold and discipline children suggests parent-centered explanations for both successful and unsuccessful outcomes and interactions with children. The present study addresses the gap in this area. The implications for Filipino parents attributions are less explicit.
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