that Stalin should be removed from the position of General Secretary. In 1956, Khruschev gave his "Secret Speech titled " On the Cult of Personality and Its Consequences to a closed session of the Party's 20th Congress. While Red Army generals saw evidence that Hitler would shift efforts south, Stalin considered this to be a flanking campaign in efforts to take Moscow. In later life, he disapproved of Svetlana's various suitors and husbands, putting a strain on his relationship with her. During the war, he proved his worth to the Central Committee, displaying decisiveness, determination, and a willingness to take on responsibility in conflict situations. Historians continue to debate whether or not the 193233 Ukrainian famineknown in Ukraine as the Holodomor should be called a genocide. Wheatcroft and Michael Ellman attribute roughly 3 million deaths to the Stalinist regime, including executions and deaths from criminal negligence. Until World War II, Stalin s regime was by far the more murderous of the two. Stalin allowed the Russian Orthodox Church to retain the churches it had opened during the war. During the cold war, it was sometimes hard for Americans to see clearly the particular evils of Nazis and Soviets. An autopsy revealed that he had died of a cerebral haemorrhage and that he also suffered from severe damage to his cerebral arteries due to atherosclerosis.
Stalin biographer Oleg Khlevniuk nevertheless believed that the pair developed a "strong bond" over the years, while Kotkin suggested that Stalin 's friendship with Lenin was "the single most important relationship in Stalin 's life". Stalin did not personally attend the meeting, sending Zhdanov in his place. He had many talents, and used his intelligence to act out the roles he thought suited to his interests at any given time. Stalin, February 1931 By the latter half of the 1920s, the Soviet Union still lagged behind the industrial development of Western countries, and Stalin 's government feared military attack from Japan, France, or the United Kingdom.
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Residing at his Gorki dacha, Lenin's main connection to Sovnarkom was through Stalin, who was a regular visitor. Both Stalin and Mao believed that a swift victory would ensue. Under the Five-Year Plan system, the country underwent collectivisation and rapid industrialization but experienced significant disruptions in food production that contributed to the famine of 193233. He formed a Bolshevik Battle Squad which he used to try and keep Baku's warring ethnic factions apart, also using the unrest to steal printing equipment. In Abkhazia he maintained a mountain retreat. The Red Army forced the Polish troops back into Poland. In February 1913, Stalin was arrested while back in Saint Petersburg.
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